Having enough water in your stockpile is essential for outlasting a major disaster, whether it be an EMP attack, a natural disaster, an economic collapse worse than the Great Depression, or what have you.
At the same time, you have to have a backup plan. There’s always the possibility that you’ll run out of water in your stockpile, or that your water will turn bad.
If this happens, you’ll need to turn to other sources to find water, whether that be rainwater, collecting it from natural streams and lakes, or scavenging what you can find around town.
Regardless, it is absolutely imperative that you confirm that any water you find is safe to drink. Here’s something you need to know: drinking water that’s unsafe to drink can sometimes be more dangerous than avoiding drinking water entirely.
This is why you need to be aware of basic purification methods you can use to ensure that your water is safe to drink.
Take note that simply filtering water does not necessarily make it safe. Filtering gets rid of visible sediment and does an excellent job of it with the proper methods, but it does a relatively poor job of getting rid of dangerous bacteria and pathogens that you can’t see.
This is where purification comes in: eliminating bacteria and pathogens that would otherwise make your water unsafe.
You’ll be glad to hear that there are many effective and proven methods for water purification as well, and we’re going to talk about the top five right now:
Chlorine Bleach Method
Do you have any chlorine bleach lying around at home? If so, you’ll be able to use it to purify your water.
First, take a clean container and fill it up with your water. If the water is cold, add a minimum of four drops of bleach; otherwise, two or three drops will suffice.
Now secure a lid to the top of the container, and shake it as vigorously as you can for a minimum of one full minute.
Now set the container of water down in an indoors cool and dim location, and allow it to sit for a minimum of thirty minutes.
At the end of that thirty minute period, the water inside should be safe to drink.
But how can you truly know if the water is safe? Fortunately, there’s a proven test you can use: if the water smells like chlorine, it most certainly is safe. Otherwise, if it doesn’t smell like chlorine (or if the smell is very weak), then it most likely isn’t and you should repeat the process.
Out of all of the water purification methods in existence, the distillation method is perhaps the safest.
What you’ll need is two clean containers, with a tube connecting the two containers together. Both containers must also have a lid sealing them shut.
Fill up one of the containers with water, but leave the other empty.
Next, heat up the water-filled container so that the water will evaporate into steam. The steam should collect and run through the tube and then slowly but steadily drip down into the second container.
You’ll need to be patient, but after several hours, all of the water should have collected in the second container, and it will be fully safe to drink.
Solar Still Method
If you currently lack any water at all, you can use the solar still method to kill two birds with one stone: not only does this method create water, it’s also safe to drink right away too.
To complete the solar still method, you’ll need to go outside and find some flat terrain under the hot sun.
Take a shovel and dig a hole, around one and a half foot deep and an equal amount wide.
Take a clean container and place it in the bottom of the container. Surround it with non-toxic leaves, grass, and other lush vegetation.
Now take a tarp or some plastic sheeting, and cover the hole completely. Secure the four corners with stones.
Take the fifth stone and place it over the center of the tarp or sheeting so it weighs down over the container.
Over the course of the day, condensation will drip from the tarp or sheeting and into the container, and it will be safe to drink. Weight at least a full twenty-four hour period before checking up on it.
UV Light Method
Using UV light is also a highly effective technique for eliminating bacteria and pathogens.
Online, you can search for UV light water purification devices. Buy one that does not require batteries, and it will utilize UV light to remove your water of pathogens and bacteria.
Water Purification Tablets Method
Pay a visit to your local sporting goods store and pick up a bottle or two of water purification tablets. The two most trustworthy brands are Potable Aqua and Katadyn.
Take one tablet and drop it into a container of water. The Potable Aqua tablet will have the water treated and safe to drink in 30 minutes, while the Katadyn will have it treated in four hours.
You may be wondering why you should consider the Katadyn at all when it takes much longer to treat the water, but the reason why Katadyn is as popular as it is because it has a much longer shelf life than the Potable Aqua. Whereas Potable Aqua tablets will be good for 1-2 years before they need to be replaced, the Katadyn tablets will be good for 4-5 years, so you’ll be getting much more out of your money.
Water purification truly is one of the most important subjects when it comes to survival. If you don’t know how to purify water, you’re not prepared.